When you think of learning a foreign language, you think in enrolling a class in a language school. Since you are a beginner, you enrol in the first level – how exciting! First class: you get amazed about the things you are going to learn, and you start making plans to visit a country where people speak that language and imagine how brilliant you’re going to sound. Classes go on and your motivation goes off – it’s just too hard! After a couple of months you still don’t understand anything they’re saying and frustration starts to setting in.
Why does this happen? First: what you learn in classes are grammar rules, that is, how the language works. Second: the vocabulary you learn is based in fictional dialogues about how to introduce yourself, how to catch a train, and so on. Let’s face it: you know how to speak your language and, although you’ve learned the grammar rules in school, how many can you actual explain? And, do you really use dialogues like the ones you are learning?
Right. Studies have proven that the traditional method of learning a language is ineffective. Why they keep doing it, it’s a mystery. Of course that learning the grammar rules is important, no doubt. However, you also need to learn how to use the language, just like you learned how to use your own language when you were a child.
Some linguists think that all languages have the same basic rules (except some tribal languages, but let’s ignore that for now). You have NAMES (which tell you who or what) and VERBS (which tell you the action). And then, you have all the other words to give you CONTEXT and extra information. Even languages like Chinese have these components; the difference is that their system is based on sounds and drawings. When they want to say “the house [NAME] is [ACTION] on fire [CONTEXT]” they make a drawing with a house and some fire.
So, first thing is to spot the names and the verbs. I’m sure you’ve learned how to do this is school when learning your own language. Dictionaries here can be a great help. Once you identify the names and the verbs you understand half the sentence! Then, you need to understand the context. After that, it’s easier for you to understand the grammar rules and improve your language knowledge by paying attention on idioms and certain ways people use to say certain things.
Now, I’m going to give you some tips for you to start your journey:
“resultados” (PT) – (EN) “results”
. que foi causado por algo; that it was caused by something: This book was a result of 25 years of research.
. das eleições ou de um jogo; from elections or a game: the election results, the football results
. de um exame académico; from an academic exam
. de testes ou experiências; from tests or experiments
. sucesso; sucess: The project is beginning to show results.
“resultados” (PT) – (EN) “outcomes”
O efeito de uma ação ou evento; the effect of an action or event
We are waiting to hear the final outcome of the negotiations.
Diferença entre “result” e “outcome”; Difference between “result” and “outcome”
“Result” é o efeito direto de algo (isto aconteceu então isto aconteceu) enquanto “outcome” é o efeito de um processo (isto aconteceu porque foi o fim desta ação). “Result” is the direct effect of something else (this happened than this happened) while “outcome” is the effect of a process (this happened because it was the end of this action).
“resultados” (PT) – (EN) “findings”
Usa-se quando se fala das descorbertas de uma investigação. It is said about the information discovered by means of research.
“Investigação” (PT) – (EN) “Research” / “Investigation”
“Investigação” pode ser traduzido por “investigation” ou por “research”. “Research” significa um estudo dedicado sobre um assunto com o fim de descobrir algo. Pode ser uma investigação académica, como um doutoramento, ou uma investigação científica, como as investigações em laboratório ou nas empresas. “Investigation” usa-se em contextos policiais.
“Investigação” can be translated by “investigation” or “research”. “Research means a dedicated study about a subject aimed to found something. It could be an academic research, like a doctor’s degree, or a scientific research, like the research in labs or in companies. “Investigation” is a term used in police contexts.
The film “Darkest Hour” shows us how Winston Churchill became Prime-Minister and how he faced his first dilemma as such: to start peace negotiations with Germany or fight it until the Victory was reached (or die trying). The situation was far from easy. British army was on the verge of total annihilation and, at the time, the German army was apparently unbeatable. All seemed lost and hopeless. Except that Churchill was a great wordsmith. It was the power of his words that galvanized a whole nation (a frighten nation) and led them to resist and then fight the mighty German army.
We can see this film as a complement of other films about World War II. The directors didn’t intended to do so, but if you watch enough films on this topic you start to have a very good idea about what really happened. Here are some examples, related with references in “Darkest Hour”:
Other films on this topic that may interest you:
There are many more films, especially related with the Holocaust. Here’s a list from Wikipedia.
A group of elders arrive in India to stay in a dilapidated hotel. Each one went there for different reasons and they feel deceived when the hotel is not the wonder they thought it was. However, as they don’t have the means to go to another hotel, they stay. The hotel is run by a young man full of dreams but without much knowledge on how to manage it.
The elders are dissapointed with life and they have reached an end of some kind. Without knowing what to do with their remaining expectations, they try to move on without much hope for the future. On the contrary, the young man is very hopeful for the future and he’s not scared to take things further, but a lot is not working in his life.
As the plot unfolds, masks are dropped and the characters must face what they need to face. They are trapped in a reality they have made up for themselves and they need to be freed from it. They need to say the words – they are the key for everthing.
For more information about the film:
The Best Exotic Marigold Hotel (IMDB)